Optimize and Tweak High-Traffic Servers Published: Dec 12, 2003
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Want to be notified instantly when someone logs into your server as root? No problem, check out this nice tutorial on email notification for root logins.

Want to be notified instantly when someone logs into your server as root? No problem, check out this nice tutorial on email notification for root logins. Keeping track of who logs into your server and when is very important, especially when you're dealing with the super user account. We recommend that you use an email address not hosted on the server your sending the alert from.

So lets get started!

1.
Login to your server and su to root, I know the irony!

2. cd /root

3. pico .bashrc

4. Scroll to the end of the file then add the following:
echo 'ALERT - Root Shell Access (YourserverName) on:' `date` `who` | mail -s "Alert: Root Access from `who | cut -d"(" -f2 | cut -d")" -f1`" you@yourdomain.com

Replace YourServerName with the handle for your actual server
Replace you@yourdomain.com with your actual email address

5. Crtl + X  then Y

Now logout of SSH, close the connection and log back in! You should receive an email address of the root login alert a few minutes afterwards.

Note: This is a great tool for servers that have multiple admins or if you give someone SSH access for whatever reason, although you should give out the root password to as few people as humanly possible and be sure to change it often.

This will not magically alert you when a hacker runs the latest kernel exploit on your server and logs into SSH because they will create their own SSH/telnet connection. You should keep your system up to date, install a firewall and follow the latest security releases.
  • Rating

    4/5

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Comments (3)

  • Gravatar - Richy C
    Richy C 16:22, January 23, 2004
    Where is the "How to log slow queries:

    # vi /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld"

    file under Cpanel?
  • Gravatar - elhoim
    elhoim 09:34, April 16, 2004
    What about putting all links of the article in anchor tags, because i am tired of copy/pasting them...
    Anyway, good work guy!!!!
  • Gravatar - Steve
    Steve 18:50, April 16, 2004
    Use the print article feature so the lines don't wrap....

    http://www.webhostgear.com/index.php?print/id:49

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